After logging, timber is usually sold in boules – where the log has been cut through and through into set thickness planks but still kept in the order from the log – this is an ideal way to purchase oak when the grain and colour matching are important. Oak Timber is available in many different formats. Fresh Sawn, Air Dried and Kiln Dried. When a tree is initially felled, it is classified as fresh sawn or green – it contains high moisture content. This moisture will dry out over time when the timber is used under cover or inside buildings, however when it is purchased fresh sawn and used straight away it will start to crack and split once it has been moved to a drier environment. This is often seen as way of making the timber look original and having more character. Air dried timber has been stored outside or in a well-ventilated shed – this gives the timber a more acceptable lower moisture content which is required for kiln drying. Kiln drying is where the timber is placed in large kilns set at a constant temperature and slowly dried to a moisture content of approx. between 7 – 12%. This makes the timber stable enough to use in furniture, flooring and joinery without excessive amounts of movement or splitting in the timber when it is in a dry environment.
All wood flooring is kiln dried. Oak is a species that really puts the "hard" in "hardwood flooring". Combine these high ratings with a very high density, and you have a flooring material that can stand up to a lot of wear and tear. Treat the wood with a high-quality sealant, stain or varnish, and you can expect many years out of your new floors. Maintaining a beautiful hardwood floor is a breeze. The first step is applying a high-quality sealant or stain. Make sure what you're using is waterproof and protects against harmful UV radiation, which can add years to the look of your floors. Second, remember to sweep and mop regularly. Sand, dust and dirt can wear off a floor's sealant and expose the wood to harmful elements. Buckling, bending and warping are big problems facing home owners with hardwood floors. This occurs when wood floors expand and shrink due to fluctuations in temperature and humidity. The buckling is the worst when boards don't expand or shrink in proportion to each other. Luckily, both red and white oak flooring experience expansion and shrinkage at a relatively even rate, meaning your floors won't warp or bend as easily as other species. Just to be safe, try to keep the temperature and humidity in your home stable.www.sourcewoodfloors.co.uk.